Find out more about the CEFR on this page. Depicted are the Common Reference Levels: global scale.
A1 - A2: Basic user
- Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases
aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
- Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about
personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things
- Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and
clearly and is prepared to help.
- Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of
most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information,
shopping, local geography, employment).
- Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct
exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
- Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate
environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
B1 - B2: Independent user
- Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters
regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
- Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area
where the language is spoken.
- Can produce simple connected text on topics, which are familiar, or of
- Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and
briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
- Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract
topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
- Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular
interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
- Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a
viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various